Understanding the Extraction Ratio of Functional Mushrooms

Functional mushrooms have garnered considerable attention for their potent medicinal properties and therapeutic benefits. As more people explore the potential of these remarkable fungi, it becomes crucial to delve into the science behind their extraction process. The extraction ratio, a key parameter in mushroom extraction, plays a pivotal role in determining the concentration and bioavailability of the mushroom's active compounds. This blog aims to unravel the concept of extraction ratio, shedding light on its significance and implications in maximizing the efficacy of functional mushrooms. By understanding the extraction ratio, we can gain insights into optimizing the extraction process and harnessing the full potential of these natural wonders for health and well-being.

What Are the Functional Mushroom Extraction Methods?

To unlock the valuable bioactive compounds present in these fungi, various extraction methods are employed. One commonly used method is water extraction, where the mushrooms are simmered or boiled in water to release their beneficial compounds, including polysaccharides like beta-glucans. This gentle process allows for the extraction of water-soluble components while preserving their integrity. Another method is alcohol extraction, where the mushrooms are soaked in alcohol to extract both water-soluble and alcohol-soluble compounds. This method is particularly effective in extracting certain compounds that are not readily soluble in water. Additionally, dual extraction methods combine both water and alcohol extraction, offering a comprehensive extraction of a wider range of compounds. 

What Are the Benefits of Functional Mushroom Extracts?

Functional mushroom extracts have gained significant recognition for their numerous health benefits and therapeutic potential. These extracts, derived from a wide range of mushroom types, contain bioactive compounds such as polysaccharides, terpenoids, and phenolic compounds that contribute to their remarkable properties. One of the primary benefits of functional mushroom extracts is their immune-modulating effects. Compounds like beta-glucans found in these extracts have been shown to support a healthy immune system by enhancing the activity of immune cells and promoting the production of cytokines.

Furthermore, functional mushroom extracts possess powerful antioxidant properties, which help protect cells from oxidative damage caused by harmful free radicals. These extracts have also been associated with anti-inflammatory effects, which can aid in managing chronic inflammation and related conditions. Additionally, certain functional mushroom extracts have demonstrated neuroprotective properties, supporting cognitive function and potentially reducing the risk of age-related cognitive decline. With their diverse range of benefits, functional mushroom extracts offer a natural and holistic approach to promoting overall well-being and vitality.

The Science Behind Extraction Ratios_ Unveiling the Power of Functional Mushrooms

5 Steps to Creating a Functional Mushroom Product with an Extraction Ratio

Let’s take a look into the extraction process of the popular product DEFEND Now by Eversio Wellness, which contains Turkey Tail in 12:1 extract capsules:

  1. We begin with 12 kg of dried fruiting body mushrooms
  2. The fruiting body is micronized (ground super fine)
  3. Then, it is hot water extracted (cooked for many hours to release beneficial compounds from chitin walls)
  4. The product is then spray-dried back into dry powdered extract form (fiber removed and moisture evaporated)
  5. We are then left with 1 kg of super fine and potent extract powder with isolated, concentrated, and bioavailable beneficial compounds

This explanation further informs us on the quantity crude equivalent (QCE) of each product, which is 12:1 in this case as 12 kg of the fruiting body resulted in 1 kg of the extract. 

Which Functional Mushrooms Need a Hot Water or Dual Extraction?

When it comes to extracting the maximum therapeutic potential from functional mushrooms, certain varieties require hot water extraction, or a combination of hot water and alcohol extraction known as dual extraction. Unlike many constituents of medicinal mushrooms, terpene molecules are not water-soluble, they require an alcohol extraction. Eversio Wellness employs dual extraction methods in certain mushrooms in order to isolate all the beneficial compounds from them. Currently, Eversio Wellness carries three products that go through dual extractions: Lion’s Mane (FOCUS Now), Chaga (PROTECT Now), and Reishi (CHILL Now). These three mushrooms contain both water and alcohol soluble compounds that need to be isolated in order to achieve the greatest therapeutic benefits possible. 

How Much Functional Mushrooms Should You Take for a Therapeutic Dose?

Determining the appropriate dosage of functional mushrooms for a therapeutic effect can vary depending on a multitude of factors, including the specific mushroom type, the desired outcome, and individual differences. While there is no one-size-fits-all answer, general guidelines can help guide the dosage selection. It's essential to consider the concentration and potency of the mushroom extract or supplement being used, as different products may have varying strengths. Starting with the recommended dosage provided by the manufacturer is typically a good starting point. It is often suggested to begin with a lower dosage and gradually increase it over time to assess tolerance and observe any potential effects.

Additionally, considering the individual's health status, body weight, and overall sensitivity is important when determining the therapeutic dose. Consulting with a healthcare professional or a qualified practitioner well-versed in functional mushrooms can provide personalized guidance based on your specific needs and health goals. Remember, finding the optimal therapeutic dose may require some experimentation, and it is crucial to listen to your body's response and make adjustments accordingly.

Demystifying Extraction Ratios_ A Key Factor in Harnessing the Benefits of Functional Mushrooms

Where to Buy Effective and Potent Functional Mushroom Supplements?

Although the market for medicinal mushrooms is wide, it is important to be mindful of what is inside of the products you are buying. If a mushroom product contains grain products, this should be listed in their “other ingredients.” Full spectrum is often advertised as a beneficial aspect of the product by some companies, but, under the surface, this means that the product is watered down, and you’d need to consume much more of it to achieve the same benefits as you would from a product containing 100% fruiting body. 

Eversio Wellness carries 100% fruiting body only mushroom extracts, and they consistently practice transparency to their consumers by sharing the COAs (Certificate of Analysis) of each product. The COAs reassure consumers that the percentage of compounds that are claimed to be in the products is scientifically confirmed through lab testing. Not only does the COA confirm the percentages of the beneficial constituents, but it also tests the heavy metal and microbial contents so you can be sure that you’re getting the best mushroom supplements possible. 

If you are interested in using medicinal mushrooms to support your health, take a look at the various mushroom capsules and mushroom powders that Eversio Wellness has to offer here.

We hope you have found this article informative. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them in the comment section below!

By Silvana Jakupovic — BSc and 4th Year Student of Naturopathic Medicine (CCNM-Boucher)

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